Why women ‘opt out’ of the workforce

first_imgYahoo India: Washington, July 29 (ANI): A new research from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University have explained why many Americans fail to see persistent gender barriers between man and women at work front.The research demonstrates that the common American assumption that behaviour is a product of personal choice fosters the belief that opportunities are equal and that gender barriers no longer exist in today’s workplace.The study suggested that the assumption that women “opt out” of the workforce, or have the choice between career or family, promotes the belief that individuals are in control of their fates and are unconstrained by the environment.“Although we’ve made great strides toward gender equality in American society, significant obstacles still do, in fact, hold many women back from reaching the upper levels of their organizations,” said co-author Nicole M. Stephens, assistant professor of management and organizations at the Kellogg School of Management.“In our research, we sought to determine how the very idea of ‘opting out,’ or making a choice to leave the workplace, may be maintaining these social and structural barriers by making it more difficult to recognize gender discrimination,” added Stephens.Read the whole story: Yahoo India More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

More MERS in 3 Saudi cities as WHO recaps mission

first_imgSaudi Arabia reported four more MERS-CoV cases in the past 3 days, two of them likely linked to an outbreak in Medina, and the World Health Organization (WHO) yesterday issued a statement on a recent mission to probe a large hospital outbreak in Riyadh.A WHO emergency committee earlier this month raised concerns about circulation of the virus as more than 2 million pilgrims are gathering in Saudi Arabia for the Hajj pilgrimage, considered the world’s largest mass gathering.Though MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) activity seems to be slowing some in an outbreak in Riyadh, new infections are popping up in some of the country’s other major cities, such as Jeddah—a primary arrival spot for international travelers—and Medina, one of the country’s major holy sites.Pace slows in Riyadh, but cases noted elsewhereThe pace of new cases from Riyadh over the past week seems to have slowed but has done so amid signals of possible hospital-related outbreaks in Medina and Najran. Announcements from the Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health (MOH) over the last few days hint at another similar event in Jeddah, which involved a sick healthcare worker whose exposure to a previous case is under review.Medina’s two new cases were reported by the MOH yesterday and today, bringing to seven the number of cases reported in the city—the second holiest in Saudi Arabia—this month. One involves a foreign healthcare worker, a 34-year-old woman who is hospitalized in stable condition. Health officials are still exploring if she had earlier contact with a suspected or confirmed case.Three of the seven cases reported this month so far in Medina involved healthcare workers.The other case reported in Medina is in a 30-year-old Saudi man who his hospitalized in critical condition. Authorities are also still exploring his source of infection.The sick healthcare worker from Jeddah is a 24-year-old foreign woman who is listed in critical condition. Officials are still trying to determine how she contracted the virus. The woman’s illness is the first MERS-CoV case reported from Jeddah since early April.Meanwhile, the one case in Riyadh involves a 71-year-old Saudi woman who is hospitalized in stable condition. The Saudi MOH said the woman didn’t have contact with an earlier case.Twenty more people have recovered from their infections over the past 3 days, and as of today, 44 people are still being treated for their MERS-CoV infections. Also, an additional 13 people are in home isolation.Two more earlier announced patients died from their illnesses, a 58-year-old Saudi woman and 60-year-old Saudi man. Both were from Riyadh and had underlying medical conditions.The latest developments lift Saudi Arabia’s total from the disease to 1,235 cases, which includes 523 deaths.WHO weighs in on Riyadh missionThe WHO’s Eastern Mediterranean regional office yesterday issued a statement on a recent expert mission to investigate a large hospital outbreak in Riyadh. WHO experts visited Riyadh on Aug 23, and its initial findings informed the WHO’s MERS emergency committee, which met for the 10th time on Sep 2 to discuss the latest developments.The emergency committee held off on declaring a global health emergency then, but in a strongly worded statement raised major concerns about Saudi Arabia’s efforts to curb the threat. It criticized the nation for not following its earlier recommendations, including having a lack of routine reporting of asymptomatic cases, which are thought to play a role in fueling MERS-CoV activity.In its statement yesterday, the WHO said experts met with Saudi MOH officials and toured emergency and isolation facilities at the Riyadh outbreak hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City. The agency also said it assessed the situation at Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz Hospital in Riyadh, one of the country’s three national reference centers for the disease. WHO officials have said a smaller outbreak occurred at a second hospital but was quickly contained. It’s not clear if Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz is that second hospital.The WHO said 112 cases with links to the main outbreak hospital were reported from the first week of July until Aug 31. Thirty-eight of those cases proved fatal.Most of the cases linked to the hospital outbreak, which is still ongoing, involved patient-to-patient transmission, according to the WHO. Other factors included emergency department (ED) overcrowding and breaches in infection-control measures by some patients, visitors, and healthcare workers.WHO experts learned of no multiple transmission chains in the ED of the main outbreak hospital or in any other Riyadh hospitals that received patients who were exposed at King Adbulaziz Medical City. It said the Saudi MOH was still investigating how transmission occurred and possible risk factors, such as length of stay in the ED and movements of ED patients to other parts of the hospital.Though the WHO commended the Saudi MOH for its steps to contain the outbreak, it urged officials to regularly share more information with it on control steps and outbreak status. It said the hospital outbreak serves an example that even small lapses in infection control and prevention practices can spark a large outbreak, posing a risk not only to Saudi Arabia but to other countries, as well.Experts also developed a set of recommendations, including documenting the lessons learned in battling the outbreak, strengthening infection control practices in all of the country’s health systems, involving the agriculture ministry in the prevention and investigation of community-acquired cases, and filling in and sharing the results of scientific and epidemiologic knowledge gaps about MERS-CoV.Hospital finedIn other developments, Riyadh health officials have fined a private hospital $27,000 for its lapses in handling a MERS-CoV patient, Arab News reported yesterday. It said the patient was forced to go to another hospital, where his or her infection was confirmed.Authorities said the unnamed facility did not handle a MERS patient according to practices required by the MOH, according to the report, which also said national health officials have launched an intensive campaign to raise awareness about the disease.Antibody response trackedOn the science front, researchers from South Korea and Hong Kong late last week reported new serologic findings, based on 17 patients who underwent treatment at three hospitals in South Korea—two in Seoul and one in Bundang. The team reported its findings in a Sep 11 early online edition of Emerging Infectious Diseases.The investigators examined the patients’ serologic responses with virus neutralization and ELISA tests. Of the 17 patients, 9 had severe infections and 8 had mild disease. One patient died.Most patients mounted a robust antibody response by the third week of illness, and delayed response as measured by the neutralization test was associated with more severe infections, the team found.See also:Sep 12 Saudi MOH statementSep 13 Saudi MOH statementSep 14 Saudi MOH statementSep 13 WHO MERS mission statementSep 3 CIDRAP News story “Panel says no MERS emergency amid rising concerns”Sep 13 Arab News storySep 11 Emerg Infect Dis reportlast_img read more

News Scan for Dec 07, 2015

first_imgHawaii dengue cases grow to 139The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) said today that the number of locally acquired dengue fever cases has risen by 27 in less than a week, for a total of 139 cases on the big island of Hawaii.Of the confirmed cases of dengue fever, 122 are in Hawaii residents and 17 involve visitors. Most of the total cases (78%, or 108) have occurred in adults, while 31 cases (22%) involve children. Illness onset occurred from Sep 11 to Nov 28.The HDOH has excluded 424 potential cases due to negative test results or failure to meet case criteria. “This is the first cluster of locally-acquired dengue fever since the 2011 outbreak on Oahu,” the agency said in the update.High- and moderate-risk areas for dengue fever currently lie along the western and eastern coasts of the big island. State health officials continue to conduct vector control activities and monitor for imported cases.Dec 7 HDOH update Chikungunya case total climbs by more than 17,000Regions in the Americas and Caribbean reported 17,398 recent cases of chikungunya, bringing the outbreak total to 1,788,058, according to a Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) update late last week.The agency’s previous two updates included 4,370 and 2,556 new cases, respectively, but last week’s update, on Dec 4, included 2 weeks of data. The new infections bring the total this year to 641,289 suspected and confirmed cases. PAHO also reported 1 death, raising that total to 77.Honduras, reporting on 12 weeks of data, had the most cases, 10,168, to raise its 2015 total to 82,008. Colombia, which often has the most cases, was next, with 3,450 new cases to bring its 2015 total to 354,298 cases. Brazil, reporting 6 weeks of data, had 2,506 new cases and 15,650 for the year. Many countries, however, have not reported on chikungunya for weeks.The epidemic began in December 2013 with the first locally acquired chikungunya case ever reported in the Americas, on St. Martin in the Caribbean.Dec 4 PAHO update Large cluster involving fever, rash prompted Panama Zika testingThe World Health Organization (WHO) on Dec 5 confirmed Panama’s first Zika virus infections and provided details on the cases. The first locally acquired cases in the country were first reported last week by local media.The illnesses were detected after Panama’s ministry of health was alerted on Nov 27 of 68 patients with fever and rash on Ustupu island, in Guna Yala province. Samples were obtained from 43 patients, of whom 30 were symptomatic, and sent for testing at the Commemorative Gorgas Institute for Health Studies in Panama.Samples were negative for dengue and chikungunya. Three of 30 samples from symptomatic patients were positive for Zika virus. The patients are all women, age 29, 48, and 58.The WHO said Panama’s health officials have issued a national alert, stepped up mosquito control efforts, and strengthened surveillance.The rapidly emerging disease, spread by Aedes mosquitoes, is especially worrisome, because Brazilian health officials have linked it to a steep rise in microcephaly, or diminished head and brain size.Dec 5 WHO statement Dec 4 CIDRAP News story “Panama reports first Zika virus cases”last_img read more